来源:高顿网校 发布时间:2016-11-14 13:12 责编:Judy

Question:A company wishes to carry out a national survey of adults' reading habits. To reduce travelling costs, the country was divided into constituencies. A sample of 50 constituencies was selected at random. With each of these constituencies, 5 polling districts were selected, again using random techniques. Interviewers will visit a random selection of 30 people on the electoral register of each district selected.
 
What sampling method is the company using?
 
A. Stratified
 
B. Systematic
 
C. Multi-stage
 
D. Simple random
 
The correct answer is: C
 
The sample is selected in stages, at first selecting not individuals but constituencies.
 
Multi-stage sampling is the correct answer as this method involves dividing the population into a number of sub-populations and then selecting a small sample of these sub-populations at random. Each sub-population is then divided further.
 
Stratified sampling involves dividing the population into strata and then taking a random sample from each stratum.
 
Random sampling is where every member of the population has an equal chance of being selected and systematic where every nth item after a random start is selected.

 
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